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  • Anna Casey 4:37 pm on August 16, 2010 Permalink | Reply  

    Final Reflections on my Liberian Adventure 


    I arrived safely in Boston last week after almost 30 hours of travel, bringing to an end my great Liberian adventure. I find that even after a week, I am still slowly getting used to electricity at all hours of the day, functional roads, American food and toilet seats, among other things. While I feel that I have been able to jump right back into my old life in some ways, I know that I am doing so with a new perspective—a new lens through which the world looks quite different. (More …)

  • Anna Casey 5:38 pm on August 6, 2010 Permalink | Reply  

    Last Week in Liberia (for now) 


    I write this post (my second to last) with only a few more days to go in beautiful Liberia. I absolutely cannot believe that my three-month stay is coming to an end, as it seems like yesterday that I was stepping off the plane in this new and different world. (More …)

    • Cara 8:37 pm on August 6, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      Speeches huh….you know who LOVES a good one

      On a serious note it sounds amazing Anna and I cant wait to hear more about it in person! I am sure I will seem like a complete bore compared to all your new friends but what can I say, I’m a dud. They were so lucky to have you there this summer!

      • Mands 12:38 am on August 9, 2010 Permalink | Reply

        Anna! I am reading your blogs- what you have done is inspiring and amazing. I’m honored to be your friend!

        I hope you enjoyed your last week. It seems as though you have made the best of your trip and truly made a difference. Can’t wait to hear about your travels in person. Love you!!!

  • Anna Casey 9:11 am on July 28, 2010 Permalink | Reply  

    Gimme my 26th! 

    Hello friends,

    Church at the Liberia-Guinea border covered in bullet holes

    Since my last blog post, I have had the fortune to be able to travel around Liberia, which has opened my eyes to both a great deal of beauty as well as much despair. Last week, my colleague James and I took a trip to Ganta, a town about an hour and a half from Gbarnga by bumpy Liberian road. During the Liberian civil war period, many people fled from Gbarnga to Ganta on foot and eventually made their way to Guinea or took refuge in the forests of Nimba County. Rebel forces looted and destroyed villages as they made their way from the capital to the rural sectors of the country, and much of the havoc they caused is still observable today. We passed many ransacked buildings that had been burned and were never rebuilt. House frames overgrown with weeds loomed eerily all along the road.  James drove me to the Liberia-Guinea border where a church pocked with bullet holes still stood across from the newly-constructed border patrol building.

    Before joining DEN-L, James worked as a nurse and he received his medical training at the Methodist Hospital School in Ganta. He drove me through the campus and the many windy roads that surrounded it where people live in small houses and shanties. To James’ surprise and dismay, many of the roads in the area were overgrown and impassable. He told me that when he was studying medicine there the roads were paved and frequented by many. After the war, much of the infrastructure in the area was left in shambles and has never been restored.

    James and I also paid a visit to the Leprosy Hospital, which is a branch of the Methodist Hospital and includes a clinic along with a compound where lepers and their families live. Upon developing this awful disease—which badly deforms its victims’ extremities, damages their nerves, discolors their skin, and causes many other terrible symptoms—patients are perceived to be useless (and even dangerous) to society, and are often quarantined to sites such as the one we visited. Leprosy is curable if caught in its early stages and the symptoms are pretty extreme, so it would seem to many of us that it is hard to miss and even harder to ignore. However, many people in Liberia are ignorant regarding the causes and symptoms of the disease and do not seek treatment until it’s too late and the physical damage has been done. I have to admit this visit to the Leprosy Hospital was one of the most depressing parts of my time in Liberia. The clinic was dark, gloomy and reeked of sickness. The sight of the poor patients and their delight in receiving us visitors will forever be engrained in my mind.

    Streets of Monrovia

    Onto a more positive note—Friday was my birthday and it was wonderful to be able to spend it with all my DEN-L friends. Everyone sang to me and the cooks even baked me a cake. In the afternoon, James and Danny took me to Monrovia—Liberia s capital—for the night. I was so excited to see the city, as this was my first trip to the capital. Monrovia is about a three hour drive from Gbarnga. Once you enter the city, the traffic is congested and huge crowds of people swarm your vehicle trying to sell you various goods. There are barely any tall buildings in Monrovia—the tallest ones would be considered miniscule in any American city. The city is packed with people and is extraordinarily polluted. I was sorry to see all the smog and the litter that coated the grounds (people all over Liberia are highly ignorant when it comes to environmental issues—they throw all their trash on the ground and let it accumulate into huge, smelly heaps). My colleagues pointed out all the major sites—the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the president’s office and house, the UN Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) headquarters, the National Elections Commission, etc. We also visited the beach, which was just as polluted as most of the rest of the city.

    Beach at Monrovia

    Besides being bigger and more developed than Gbarnga and the other rural sectors of the country I’ve visited, Monrovia also has more imported goods, which makes sense, seeing as it is the capital city and is located right on the ocean. There were western-style supermarkets selling imported American shampoo and cereal at exorbitant prices (the $15 bottles of Head & Shoulders shampoo made my jaw drop), as well as electronics stores and clothing stores that actually sell new clothing. There were many looted and destroyed building structures and houses that I was told were burned and ransacked during the war and were never rebuilt. Mentally and physically disabled people seemed to be begging everywhere. In many ways, Monrovia is a sad and decrepit ghost town of sorts. I can see how it could have been much more vibrant and beautiful once, but I left feeling thankful that I am stationed in a rural part of the country.

    Monday, July 26th, Liberia celebrated its 163rd anniversary as an independent nation. I had been greatly looking forward to celebrating the Liberian independence day since my arrival; it has been a much anticipated occasion that was talked up to me since I got here. Each year, the major July 26th celebration is held in a different county where the presidential entourage is hosted. This year, the major festivities took place in Nimba County, which is where the town of Ganta is located. Last week when I was there with James the town was undergoing a makeover in preparation for the celebration. Decorations were hung and roads were being cleared and repaired (funny that the country doesn’t seem to pay much attention to the decrepit infrastructure except when a major celebration rolls around). Here in Gbarnga, all the children were bought new clothes and even the toddlers got fake hair plaited into their heads. They walked around storming up to people and demanding their “July 26th” with sass. I found out quickly that this means they expect you to give them money. I bought a bunch of candy and dispersed it among all the village children and that seemed to go over pretty darn well. I learned that Liberians pinch their pennies for this day—I guess it’s bigger than Christmas or any other holiday. The streets of the market were packed with people playing games, drinking (palm wine, Liberian beer, and strong fermented alcohol), dancing, and enjoying themselves in general. They hold feasts at their homes and no one works for about 4 or 5 days surrounding the date. They party well into the night at bars, homes and in the streets. Whew, what a day. It definitely made for an interesting experience.

    I will depart Liberia in less than two weeks, which is insane to think about. The three months I’ve been here have flown by. There have been times I have never felt more at home and times I’ve longed for all the American luxuries I’ve taken for granted my whole life (a cheeseburger would be so awesome right about now). I plan to really make this final stretch of my African adventure count. We have another workshop coming next week that I will help facilitate, so stay posted!

    In Peace,


  • Anna Casey 2:50 pm on July 19, 2010 Permalink | Reply  

    Reading is Cool 

    Hello friends,

    My apologies for the delay in posts, but a lot has been going on here in Liberia and I have been crazy busy. This past week, DEN-L hosted a workshop focusing on adult literacy education, which I helped to facilitate. It was a very enlightening experience for the participants as well as me, as adult literacy training is a topic that I am somewhat unfamiliar with. An estimated 60-70 percent of the Liberian population is illiterate, so it is a topic of relevance in this country and I am happy I was able to learn more about it. The participants consisted of Liberians from all over the county who are developing adult literacy programs in their communities or who plan on doing so in the future. Many of them served as primary or secondary school teachers in the past and were eager to learn more about making the switch to adult education. (More …)

    • vanessa 11:54 pm on July 19, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      Understanding and patience is needed, luckily you gave both. xoxoxo

    • Margaret 9:46 am on July 20, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      This is fascinating, Anna. Reading is a privilege we so often take for granted.

      (I miss you! xx)

  • Anna Casey 10:43 am on July 6, 2010 Permalink | Reply  

    Spiders, Soccer, Church and Waterfalls 

    Hello friends, 

    Here it is...the giant spider who haunts my dreams

    There is a GIANT spider living in my bathroom. Last night I opened the door and it skirted right by my face (which is far more terrifying when there is no electricity and I have to enter the pitch-black bathroom with only a flashlight at night). I’ve tried killing it with numerous objects, but it’s deceptively fast for its size. I can handle the huge toad I’ve encountered in my bathroom and the occasional cockroach that darts by, but my family will attest to the fact that I have an incredible aversion to spiders. While some people prefer to gently escort these critters outside by trapping them in a container with a piece of paper underneath and freeing them into the wild so they can “return to their families and babies,” my solution is to “kill it before it breeds” (my sister Alyssa reminds me of how I yell this at her every time I see even the tiniest spider in our shower at home). Anyways, I’ve been frantically Googling to see whether this particular spider is poisonous or not. No luck thus far. No, I will not name it and no, it will not make it out of that bathroom alive. Rest assured. (More …)

    • Ally Krupar 4:53 pm on July 23, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      Happy to read, as always.

      I was a devout atheist when I arrived in Liberia (though I told everyone I was raised Catholic to avoid suspicion, nothing like an atheist American to ruin a good time). After 2 and a half months I realized that there was nothing atheistic about me, but that I didn’t have all the answers and I couldn’t go around thinking I had the world figured out. I loved that about my time there.

      Kpatowee is gorgeous! It was quiet when we were there too, except that there were a couple guys trying to charge us (they did clean up). Good to know they’re taking care of you (of course they would!) and I hope to see more pictures!

      Missing DEN-L,

  • Anna Casey 11:24 am on June 28, 2010 Permalink | Reply  

    Peacebuilding in Duo Village 

    Ye Dua (hello in Mano),

    I returned on Saturday from a week-long workshop in Duo village, located in Nimba County, Liberia. This workshop was facilitated by DEN-L’s Civic Action Program (CAP) and focused on peace building, good governance and leadership. Duo has faced some problems in organizing its leaders and representatives for collective action, and has therefore failed to achieve representation at district meetings. DEN-L invited roughly 45 men and women who are seen as leaders (clan leaders, village chiefs, youth and women representatives, etc.) with the intent to not only instill good leadership qualities in the participants, but also to help them organize to attain representation.

    Peacebuilding workshop in Duo Village

    As was the case with the last workshop I attended, the participants lacked both formal and informal education and were extremely sheltered from outside ideas. When everyone was asked to go around the circle and state their names and something about themselves as an ice-breaker, many of the men said things like “I hate being insulted,” or “it vexes me when people challenge my decisions”—sure signs of authoritative leadership. During the first exercise, we asked the participants to count off by fives in order to form small discussion groups. When they demonstrated difficulty in doing that I thought to myself, “this is going to be a loooong week.” However, as the workshop progressed, I was surprised by how engaged they became and how they were able to relate the exercises and lessons taught to their real life situations.

    (More …)

    • priscilla tobey 10:59 pm on June 28, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      Dear Kou Sennie,
      That is the PERFECT name for you – what perceptive people! It’s very encouraging that the disparate parts of the group were eventually able to hear each other, make compromises and then negotiate goals. I’ll be interested to hear what you discover in the follow up.
      Sleep well tonight my dear Kou Senne. Love, Mom

    • shaden 1:44 am on June 29, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      Kou Sennie.

      I must say you are living the dream. I enjoyed reading about the workshop, and was blown away by the complexity of a lovable icebreaker… amazing. Happy to hear you progressed so deeply into the issues… keep your beautiful spirit alive there. Sounds like you are a great joy and blessing to the people. Keep writing…

      With peace,

    • Ally Krupar 3:00 pm on June 30, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      It makes me so happy to hear about all the new communities you all are working in. When I was there last summer, there was talk of going to Nimba county, but no money. I just wish I could find a way to go back. I know exactly what you mean about how open and welcoming everyone is! Keep up the good work!

  • Anna Casey 8:35 am on June 21, 2010 Permalink | Reply  

    Graduation Festivities 

    Friends – 

    Me with some Gbarnga friends

    As I reach my one month anniversary in Liberia, I’m shocked at how quickly the time has progressed. It feels like yesterday that I was back in the States getting pumped full of travel vaccinations and beginning my bumpy adventure with Malaria pills. Although each day here brings new experiences and discoveries, I feel that I have begun to settle in. While I am continuously learning and gaining a better understanding of the Liberian people and their culture, I am much more a part of everything now, rather than just an outsider. I can navigate the market without getting clipped by a crazy motorist, recognize the food I’m eating, understand Liberian English MUCH better, and set up a portable mosquito net in record speed (in the dark!). One way that I know I’m really fitting in is that the little children of Gbarnga chase after me as I walk to the market and, instead of screaming “whitewomanwhitewomanwhitewoman!!” they now know and address me by name (handing out Werthers candy really facilitates a solid introduction). (More …)

    • Ally 9:00 pm on June 21, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      that’s awesome, and very clever about the candies, I’ll remember that for my next visit. doesn’t it feel like you’re on parade everywhere you go? but in a good way?

      the two little girls in the photo (center two) where some of my regular visitors. Tell them I say hi! The girl on the right practiced her alphabet with me while I read in the sun on a lazy saturday (if you get a chance, she should probably know some more by now!)

  • Anna Casey 10:25 pm on June 12, 2010 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: child rights, Development Education Network - Liberia, domestic violence, gender based violence, , , , , Nimba County, women, women's empowerment, women's rights   

    Empowering some ladies (and men) in Nimba County 

    Hello Friends,

    After a long, amazing week in Nimba County, Liberia, I have made it safely back to the DEN-L compound. So much has happened in the last week that I hardly know where to begin. My DEN-L colleagues from the Gender Action Program (Musu, Esther and Wehaty) and I traveled two hours by bumpy Liberian road last Monday to Bain Garr village in Nimba County where we invited village and clan leaders and representatives from the region to attend a workshop focusing on gender awareness. All of the participants are from small, rural, poverty-stricken villages, and many are illiterate or have undergone very basic levels of primary education (especially the women—there were a few that couldn’t even write their own names). Many of the women could hardly speak English even though it is the country’s official language. This is so because English is taught in school so the women who are not educated (especially those of older generations) are accustomed to speaking Mano, the local dialect in Nimba County that is used in the home. (More …)

    • Vanessa 2:12 pm on June 14, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      I am thankful there are people like you, who take action in order to make a difference! You are setting a fine example; however I miss you, so come back to us soon! These workshops sound fascinating! I am curious, is every workshop with a different set of participants? Or do they come to a set of workshops?
      My Love Conquers All,

      • Anna Casey 4:47 pm on June 15, 2010 Permalink | Reply


        Each workshop is about a week long (not including previous assessments and follow up surveys/interviews) and is done with new participants. However, I work with both DEN-L’s Gender Action Program and the Civic Action Program (the former is gender awareness and the latter is peacebuilding and good governance), so some participants come to separately themed workshops put on by both teams. We go around to various villages all over Liberia performing these workshops with the local leaders so we reach as many people as possible.

        Hope you’re doing well! My love conquers all!!!!!!!!

    • Sarah B. 3:21 pm on June 14, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      Such a fascinating post, Anna! Thanks for keeping all of us back in the US informed and keep the posts coming!

    • priscilla tobey 11:51 pm on June 14, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      Anna, That’s incredibly interesting! A few thoughts/questions come to mind. Who are the people who attended the workshop and how were they “chosen”. Also, I’ve done a fair amount of work in the area of domestic abuse in this country and have seen how perpetrators can talk a good line about changing but rarely do so as their issues run deep. Often women are abused more when they begin to speak up. Is that a possibilty there and what kind of follow up do you have to assess that? I agree totally with your last paragraph – I think success is reliant on the components you outline. I can’t tell you how proud I am of the work that you’re embarking on! Love you so much, Mom

      • Anna Casey 4:41 pm on June 15, 2010 Permalink | Reply


        You are right about the issues running deep. Domestic violence is deeply engrained in the culture here and sometimes when women start to challenge their situations the violence can increase. It’s impossible to change a cultural practice right away with a few workshops, but, to answer your first question, the participants are local leaders–youth leaders, clan leaders, village chiefs, school principals, local representatives, etc. We make sure women, men and youth are represented at each workshop. Our team travels to the location before the workshop to assess the community needs and to find appropriate participants to invite. We target leaders who have a lot of influence and reach within the community. We let everyone know about the laws that are there to protect them…so at least they’re enlightened about their rights should they decide to act. Like I said, it takes a long time to change a culture, but these workshops have proven to have lasting effects (yes, we do extensive follow up after each workshop) and the education that they provide is the first step in changing cultural practices.

    • David Casey 12:54 am on June 15, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      You’re doing extraordinary and life-changing work, Anna!!! Good for you!!!! And thanks for writing so thoughtfully and well about your experiences; you’re bringing all of us to Liberia with you, at least a little.


    • Marsilius Flumo 11:25 pm on July 8, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      Dear Anna: I read your blog about the workshop you and others conducted in Nimba County, Liberia. I found your tone and language very painful and offensive. I belong to the Mahn or Mano tribe of Nimba County. Indeed there are anecdotal truths in your blog but, in general, it is an inaccurate portrayal of my people. I leave it at that and hope that you will contact me for a deeper conversation about your blog.
      Thank you,
      Marsilius Flumo
      Spokane, Washington

      • Anna Casey 5:10 pm on November 1, 2010 Permalink | Reply

        Hi Marsilius,

        I apologize for offending you, but I was only reporting what I saw and experienced in Liberia. The Liberian women and men themselves who I worked with will back up all of my statements. Believe me, I love Liberia and the beautiful culture there. I am not meaning to offend its people, but the statistics do not lie. Women face oppression there. Liberia is stuck in a cycle of poverty and I do believe there is hope but I think it will take stepping back from the situation and examining what is fueling this poverty to fix it. Again, I do not pretend to know everything about your country, but I am simply recounting my own experience…the conversations I had with Liberians, the work I did, the things I saw and heard. My view is not the only one and you are entitled to your own opinion. Please contact me at anna.t.casey@gmail.com if you would like. I would be interested in hearing what you thought was “harsh” or inaccurate about my testimonies.


    • Chris 8:57 pm on October 30, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      You are going too far when you are talking like that about liberians my sister.
      Your point of view is coming from the west, difficult for you to “understand” liberia.
      People have their own opinion, maybe it’s good, maybe it’s bad, it’s not my business and realy Not your own. Do you know about war? so young you are.
      The country coming up after a decade of war and the peace is fragile.
      Don’t bring another problem into the liberian society.
      Of course there is problems, but, for me, women have a big place in liberian society actually.
      Look at our president or our ministers and others…

      • Anna 5:01 pm on November 1, 2010 Permalink | Reply


        I am not pretending to understand Liberia or the war there at all. I am only reporting that which I saw, experienced and heard from Liberians themselves while I was there. What you read in my blog all happened. I am not denying the fact that Liberia is a fragile country…I know it is fragile and I say this throughout the blog. Just because you have a female President and female ministers doesn’t mean that women are all of a sudden being treated equally. I understand it will take time and that having a female President is a step in the right direction, but it is problematic for you and your country if you deny the oppression and discrimination that women are faced with. If you don’t believe me that it’s out there, read the statistical reports for yourself. Here is one that documents health stats: http://www.measuredhs.com/pubs/pdf/FR201/FR201.pdf. You can find more stats on education and other things on the World Bank’s WDI web site. You will see that domestic abuse, early marriage, young pregnancy, educational deprivation and economic deprivation are REAL issues that Liberian women face.

        I am not trying to impose a Western view. In fact, all I did was go to Liberia to listen and learn from Liberians themselves. My blog includes that which I learned from working with Liberians for three months. I don’t pretend to know the society in and out from such a short period, but the Liberians I worked with at DEN-L and in many of the villages across Liberia will support that which I reported in my blog. It is only when Liberians can accept that there is inequality in their society that they can do something to change it. I wish you and your beautiful country the best.

      • Anna Casey 5:16 pm on November 1, 2010 Permalink | Reply

        Also, I am wondering whether you read any of my other posts or whether that was the only one? I wrote 10 in total.

        • Chris 7:17 pm on November 14, 2010 Permalink

          Sorry Anna, you’re right! You are doing a huge job there and i thank you for it.
          I’m 100% percent with you but give them time to change please. Myself i’m trying to make the people around me to change, it’s a long time story…
          God bless you.

  • Anna Casey 10:10 am on June 2, 2010 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Civil action, collective action, DEN-L, , , , , , , Paulo Freire, , , Poverty   

    A First Taste of Liberia 

    Greetings from Liberia! 

     I arrived safely in Liberia Wednesday night after over a full day of exhausting travel. After less than a week, I have found myself falling in love with this beautiful culture and its people. My DEN-L coworkers have been extremely welcoming and eager to make me as comfortable and at-home as possible. I am quickly becoming accustomed to the hot and muggy climate, the few hours of the day when electricity is available (my flashlight and headlamp are probably the two most useful things that I packed), the spotty running water situation (bathing with just a bucket of water to splash on yourself is so much more fun), and of course the killer mosquitoes. (More …)

    • David Casey 5:12 pm on June 2, 2010 Permalink | Reply


      Why not have Den-L help the village leaders send a follow up letter to the political leaders in attendance, reiterating their questions and specific requests in writing and asking for measurable responses within a certain reasonable time frame, together with a follow on meeting to be scheduled now?


      • Anna Casey 10:58 am on June 4, 2010 Permalink | Reply

        That’s definitely part of what DEN-L does, Dad, but it’s difficult in a place where virtually no one in the town is literate. The idea is to guide the people to take action themselves. If they cannot understand the letter they may feel that the process is out of their control. Of course, it doesn’t mean that a letter is totally out of the realm of possibility, but you have to be careful to make people feel included in the process.

        • Ann Tobey 12:13 am on June 5, 2010 Permalink

          how to say…. essential that the people are the process…. good luck with those mosquitoes and may your headlamp work properly for the duration

          Aunt Ann

    • Matt Pierson 3:36 pm on June 7, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      Good to see you are jumping right in to the madness that is DEN-L. You are going to have such an amazing time there. I am very jealous.

      You were talking about the singing, what I found interesting was not only that it was used for entertainment but it was a way to pass on history and stories from generation to generation. I used to love falling asleep out in the villages listening to the girls do their call and answer standing in a circle clapping and singing about their every day lives, their work, their schooling, boys, etc.

  • Anna Casey 6:10 pm on May 23, 2010 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , civic action, , , gbarnga, gender, , , , , , war, West Africa   

    Getting ready to embark… 

    Hey all,

    As I’m preparing to leave on Tuesday to begin my epic adventure in Liberia, I thought that I would take a minute to introduce myself. My name is Anna Casey and I just finished my first year within American University’s MAID program (Master of Arts in International Development), which is part of AU’s School of International Service. Specifically, my concentration within the program focuses on Conflict, Peacebuilding & Development. I am interested in working on issues facing post-conflict settings in Sub-Saharan Africa including: refugees, youth in conflict, peacebuilding and reconciliation, community health and development, and gender relations.  (More …)

    • Megan Yaner 5:33 pm on May 24, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      So exciting! WIll def enjoy reading about your experiences.

    • Lainie 2:13 am on May 25, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      So wonderful! Can’t wait — safe travels love!

    • Scott Wood 9:34 pm on May 25, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      I wish you all the best, Anna. Your work-to-be is very admirable. Stay positive over there!

    • David Casey 12:22 pm on May 26, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      I am enormously proud of you, Anna. Get after it!

      Love, Dad

    • Ally K 2:58 pm on May 26, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      work on that website if you get a chance 🙂 and post pictures!

      wish i could fit in your suitcase!

    • anne maher 4:49 pm on May 27, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      am waiting eagerly for Anna to surface!

    • Sally 2:44 pm on May 29, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      miss you! xoxo

    • Cara 8:44 pm on June 1, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      Hi Hun!!!

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